The Revelation of St. John “in the Light of the Temple”:
a New Commentary
(pdf file here)


IntroductionUser's Guide


The Revelation of John1


Prologue2

I
     (1)The Revelation of Jesus Christ,3 which God gave to him to show his servants what must soon take place, and which he made known4 by sending his angel to his servant John,5 (2)who bears witness to the Word of God and the Witness of Jesus Christ,6 of all that he saw. (3)Blessed is the one who reads and blessed are those who hear the words of the prophecy and keep what is written in it,7 for the time is near.8
     (4)John to the seven churches that are in Asia:9 Grace and peace to you from the One who is and who was and who is to come, and from the Seven Spirits who are before his throne, (5)and from Jesus Christ, the faithful witness, the first-born of the dead and the ruler of the kings of the earth.10 To him who loves us and freed us from our sins with his blood, (6)and made us a kingdom, priests to his God and Father, to him be glory and might for ever and ever. Amen.11
     (7)Behold, he comes with the clouds and every eye will see him, even those who pierced him, and all the peoples of the earth will mourn over him.12 Yes, amen.
     (8)I am the Alpha and the Omega, says the Lord God, the One who is and who was and who is to come, the Almighty.13

Vision of the Angel of the Risen Christ14

     (9)I John, your brother and companion in the hardship and kingdom and endurance in Jesus, was on the island called Patmos because of the Word of God and the Witness of Jesus.15 (10)I came to be in spirit16 on the Lord’s day,17 and heard behind me a loud voice like a trumpet18 (11)saying: Write19 in a book20 what you see21 and send it to the seven churches, to Ephesus and to Smyrna and to Pergamum and to Thyatira and to Sardis and to Philadelphia and to Laodicea.22
     (12)And I turned to see the voice that was speaking to me,23 and on turning I saw seven golden lampstands,24 (13)and in the midst of the lampstands one like a son of man, dressed in a long tunic and bound around the breast with a golden band; (14)his head and hair were white as white wool, as snow, and his eyes like a flame of fire, (15)and his feet like bronze that has been refined in a furnace, and his voice like the sound of many waters;25 (16)and in his right hand he had seven stars26 and coming out of his mouth was a sharp two-edged sword,27 and his face was like the sun shining at full strength.28
     (17)And when I saw him I fell at his feet as though dead, and he placed his right hand on me saying: Do not be afraid,29 I am the First and the Last,30 (18)and the Living One—I was put to death and behold, I am alive for ever and ever,31 and I have the keys of Death and Hades.32 (19)Therefore write what you saw, and what is now, and what is to take place after these things.33 (20)As for the mystery of the seven stars which you saw on my right and the seven golden lampstands:34 the seven stars are angels of the seven churches,35 and the seven lampstands are seven churches.36

The Seven Messages to the Churches37

II
     (1)To the angel of the church in Ephesus38 write: This says39 the one who holds the seven stars in his right hand, who walks among the seven golden lampstands.40 (2)I know your deeds, your labour and endurance,41 and that you can not endure wicked men, and have put to the test those calling themselves apostles and are not, and have found them false.42 (3)Yet endurance you have, and you have endured for the sake of my name and have not weakened. (4)But I have this against you, that you have lost the love you had at first.43 (5)Therefore remember how far you have fallen and repent, and do the works you did at first;44 and if not, I am coming to you and will remove your lampstand from its place, unless you repent.45 (6)But this you have, that you hate the practices of the Nicolaitans, which I also hate.46 (7)He who has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit says to the churches.47 The one who overcomes48—I will let him eat from the Tree of Life, which is in the paradise of God.49

     (8)And to the angel of the church in Smyrna50 write: This says the First and the Last, the one who was put to death and returned to life.51 (9)I know your affliction and poverty—but you are rich52—and the blasphemy of those saying they are Jews and are not, but are a synagogue of Satan.53 (10)Do not fear what you are about to suffer. Behold, the devil is going to throw some of you into prison so that you may be tested, and you will have hardship for ten days.54 Be faithful up to death and I will give you the crown of life.55 (11)He who has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit says to the churches. The one who overcomes will certainly not be hurt by the second death.56

     (12)And to the angel of the church in Pergamum57 write: This says the one who has the sharp two-edged sword.58 (13)I know where you live—where the throne of Satan is—yet you hold to my name and did not deny your faith in me even in the days of Antipas, my faithful witness, who was put to death amongst you, where Satan dwells.59 (14)But I have a few things against you, because you have there some that hold the teaching of Balaam, who taught Balak to throw a stumbling-block before the sons of Israel, to eat idol-sacrifices and to fornicate.60 (15)So you too, in the same way, have some that hold the teaching of the Nicolaitans.61 (16)Therefore repent, and if not I am coming to you soon and will fight them with the sword of my mouth.62 (17)He who has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit says to the churches. To the one who overcomes I will give from the hidden manna,63 and I will give him a little white stone, and on the stone a new name is written which no one knows except the one who receives it.64

     (18)And to the angel of the church in Thyatira65 write: This says the Son of God,66 whose eyes are like a flame of fire and his feet like bronze.67 (19)I know your deeds, and your love, faithfulness, service and endurance, also that your last deeds are better than the first.68 (20)But I have this against you, that you tolerate Jezebel, the woman who calls herself a prophetess and teaches and deceives my servants to fornicate and to eat idol-sacrifices.69 (21)And I gave her time to repent and she does not want to repent from her fornication.70 (22)Behold, I am putting her to bed71 and those committing adultery with her into great distress, unless they repent from her practices;72 (23)also I will kill her children with pestilence,73 and all the churches will know that I am the one who searches minds and hearts, and will give to each one of you according to your deeds.74 (24)But I say to the rest of you in Thyatira, all who do not keep this teaching, who do not know the deep things of Satan as they say:75 I am not putting any other burden on you; (25)only hold to what you have until I come.76 (26)And the one who overcomes and attends to my work until the end77—I will give him authority over the nations (27)just as I also received from my Father, and he will shepherd them with a rod of iron, to break them into pieces like pots of clay;78 (28)and I will give him the Dawn Star.79 (29)He who has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit says to the churches.

III
     (1)And to the angel of the church in Sardis80 write: This says the one who has the Seven Spirits of God and the seven stars.81 I know your deeds; that you have a name for being alive and yet you are dead.82 (2)Be awake and restore those that remain and were about to die,83 for I have not found your deeds perfect in the sight of my God.84 (3)Therefore remember how you received and heard; be observant and repent.85 For if you are not awake, I will come like a thief and you will never know at what hour I will come upon you.86 (4)But you have a few names in Sardis who have not defiled their clothes, and they shall walk with me in white, because they are worthy.87 (5)The one who overcomes will dress himself like this in white clothes,88 and never will I scrub his name from the Scroll of Life, and I will declare his name before my Father and before his angels.89 (6)He who has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit says to the churches.

     (7)And to the angel of the church in Philadelphia90 write: This says the Holy One, the True One,91 who holds the key of David, who opens and no one will close, and closes and no one opens.92 (8)I know your deeds; since you have little strength—even you have kept my order and not denied my name93—look, I have set before you an open door which no one can close.94 (9)Behold, I will hand over some of the synagogue of Satan—those saying they are Jews and are not for they lie—behold, I will make them come and worship at your feet and they shall know that I love you.95 (10)Since you have kept my order to endure,96 also I will keep you from the hour of the trial that is to come upon the whole world, to test the inhabitants of the earth.97 (11)I am coming soon,98 hold to what you have so that no one may take your crown.99 (12)The one who overcomes—I will make him a pillar in the Sanctuary of my God, and never will he go out again, and I will write on him the name of my God, and the name of the City of my God, of the New Jerusalem coming down out of heaven from my God, and my own new name.100 (13)He who has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit says to the churches.

     (14)And to the angel of the church in Laodicea101 write: This says the Amen, the faithful and true witness, the origin of the creation of God.102 (15)I know your deeds, that you are neither cold nor hot. I would rather you were cold or hot.103 (16)So because you are lukewarm, and neither hot nor cold, I am about to vomit you out of my mouth. (17)For you say: “I am rich and have plenty and there is nothing I need”, and you do not know that you are the wretched one, pitiable and poor and blind and naked. (18)I advise you to buy from me gold refined by fire so that you may be rich, and white clothes so that you may dress yourself and not expose the shame of your nakedness, and ointment to anoint your eyes so that you may see.104 (19)All those whom I love, I rebuke and chasten. Therefore be zealous and repent.105 (20)Behold, I stand at the door and knock; if anyone hears my voice and opens the door, I will come to him and eat with him and he with me.106 (21)The one who overcomes—I will let him sit with me on my throne, as I also overcame and sat with my Father on his throne.107 (22)He who has an ear, let him hear what the Spirit says to the churches.

Baseline Prophetic Narrative108

IV
     (1)After this I looked and behold, an open door in heaven,109 and the first voice which I had heard speaking to me like a trumpet,110 was saying: Come up here and I will show you what must take place after these things.111
     (2)At once I came to be in spirit112 and behold, there was a throne set in heaven, and One seated on the throne,113 (3)and the One who is seated appears like jasper stone and carnelian, and around the throne is a halo looking like emerald.114 (4)Also around the throne are twenty-four thrones, and sitting on the thrones twenty-four elders clothed in white clothes, with golden crowns on their heads.115 (5)And out of the throne come lightnings and noises and thunders,116 and before the throne seven flames of fire are burning which are the Seven Spirits of God,117 (6)and before the throne it is like a glassy sea similar to crystal.118 And in the midst of the throne and around the throne119 are four living creatures full of eyes in front and behind: (7)and the first living creature is like a lion, and the second living creature like an ox, and the third living creature has a face like that of a human being, and the fourth living creature is like a flying eagle. (8)And the four living creatures—each one of them has six wings—are full of eyes all round and within, and take no rest day or night saying:
               Holy, holy, holy is the Lord God Almighty,120
               the One who was and who is and who is to come.121
(9)And whenever the living creatures give glory and honour and thanks to the One seated on the throne, to the One living for ever and ever, (10)the twenty-four elders fall down before the One seated on the throne, and worship the One living for ever and ever, and they place their crowns before the throne saying:
                (11)Worthy are you, our Lord and God,
               to receive the glory and the honour and the power,
               because you created all things,
               and by your will they came into being, and were created.122

V
     (1)And I saw on the right of the One seated on the throne123 a scroll with writing on the inside and on the back, sealed with seven seals.124 (2)And I saw a mighty angel calling with a loud voice: Who is worthy to open the scroll and to break its seals?125 (3)And no one in heaven or on earth or under the earth was able to open the scroll or to look at it.126 (4)And much I wept because no one was found worthy to open the scroll or to look at it.127 (5)And one of the elders says to me: Do not weep. Behold, the Lion of the tribe of Judah, the Root of David, has overcome so that he may open the scroll and its seven seals.128 (6)And I saw, in the midst of the throne and the four living creatures, in the midst of the elders,129 a Lamb130 standing, like one that had been slain;131 he had seven horns132 and seven eyes,133 which are the Seven Spirits of God sent out into all the earth.134 (7)And he came and took from the right of the One seated on the throne.135 (8)And when he took the scroll, the four living creatures and the twenty-four elders fell down before the Lamb136—each one having a harp and golden bowls full of incense, which are the prayers of the saints.137 (9)And they sing a new song138 saying:
               Worthy are you to take the scroll and to open its seals,139
               because you were slain
               and with your blood you bought people for God
               from every tribe and tongue and race and nation,
               (10)and made them a kingdom and priests for our God
               and they shall reign on the earth.140
(11)And I saw and I heard, the sound of many angels around the throne and the living creatures and the elders; and the number of them was myriads of myriads and thousands of thousands, (12)and they were saying with a loud voice:
               Worthy is the Lamb that was slain to receive the power and riches
               and wisdom and strength and honour and glory and praise.141
(13)And every creature in heaven and on earth and under the earth and on the sea, and everything in them, I heard saying:
               To the One seated on the throne and to the Lamb
               be the praise and the honour and the glory and the might for ever and ever.142
(14)And the four living creatures said: Amen. And the elders fell down and worshipped.143

VI
     (1)And I saw when the Lamb opened one of the seven seals,144 and I heard one of the four living creatures saying, as with a voice of thunder: Come.145 (2)And I looked and behold, a white horse, and the one sitting on it had a bow and a crown was given to him, and he came out conquering and so to overcome.146
     (3)And when he opened the second seal,147 I heard the second living creature saying: Come. (4)And out came another horse, fiery-red, and the one sitting on it was permitted to take peace from the earth so they slay one another, and a great sword was given to him.148
     (5)And when he opened the third seal, I heard the third living creature saying: Come. And I looked and behold, a black horse, and the one sitting on it had a yoke in his hand.149 (6)And I heard what was like a voice in the midst of the four living creatures saying: A litre of wheat for a day's wage, and three litres of barley for a day's wage, and with the oil and the wine do not be unjust.150
     (7)And when he opened the fourth seal, I heard the voice of the fourth living creature saying: Come. (8)And I looked and behold, a pale green horse and the one sitting on it; his name is Death and Hades followed him,151 and authority was given to them over a quarter of the earth to kill with the sword, with famine and with pestilence, and by the wild beasts of the earth.152
     (9)And when he opened the fifth seal, I saw below the altar the souls of those who had been slain153 because of the Word of God and because of the Witness which they held.154 (10)And they cried out with a loud voice saying: How much longer, Holy and True Master, until you judge and avenge our blood on the inhabitants of the earth?155 (11)And a white robe was given to each one of them,156 and they were told to rest157 for a short time more,158 until also their fellow-servants and their brothers had been consecrated,159 those about to be killed just as themselves.160
     (12)And I saw when he opened the sixth seal,161 and a great earthquake occurred162 and the sun became black as sackcloth made of hair, and the whole moon became like blood,163 (13)and the stars of heaven fell to the earth as a fig-tree drops its unripe figs when shaken by a great wind, (14)and the heaven departed as a scroll being rolled up, and every mountain and island was moved from its place.164 (15)And the rulers of the earth and the great men and the military officers and the rich men and the strong men and every slave and free-man165 hid themselves in the caves and among the rocks of the mountains,166 (16)and they say to the mountains and to the rocks: Fall on us and hide us from the face of the One seated on the throne and from the anger of the Lamb, (17)for the great day of their anger has come, and who can survive?167

First Interruption (7,1-17): Preparation of the Faithful168

VII
     (1)After this I saw four angels standing at the four corners of the earth, holding the four winds of the earth so that no wind should blow over the earth or over the sea, or against any tree.169 (2)And I saw another angel coming up from the rising of the sun,170 holding a seal of the living God,171 and he cried out with a loud voice to the four angels who were permitted to harm the earth and the sea, (3)saying: Do not harm the earth or the sea or the trees until we seal the servants of our God on their foreheads.172 (4)And I heard the number of those who were sealed:173 a hundred and forty-four thousand were sealed174 from all the tribes of the sons of Israel;175
               (5)from the tribe of Judah twelve thousand were sealed,
               from the tribe of Reuben twelve thousand,
               from the tribe of Gad twelve thousand,
               (6)from the tribe of Asher twelve thousand,
               from the tribe of Naphtali twelve thousand,
               from the tribe of Manasseh twelve thousand,
               (7)from the tribe of Simeon twelve thousand,
               from the tribe of Levi twelve thousand,
               from the tribe of Issachar twelve thousand,
               (8)from the tribe of Zebulun twelve thousand,
               from the tribe of Joseph twelve thousand,
               from the tribe of Benjamin twelve thousand were sealed.176
     (9)After this I looked and behold, a vast multitude which no one was able to number, from all nations and tribes and races and tongues,177 clothed in white robes178 and with palms in their hands,179 standing before the throne and before the Lamb, (10)and they cry out with a great sound saying:
               Salvation is from our God, the One seated on the throne, and from the Lamb!180
     (11)And all the angels stood around the throne and the elders and the four living creatures,181 and fell down before the throne on their faces and worshipped God (12)saying:
               Amen, the praise and the glory and the wisdom and the thanks
               and the honour and the power and the strength be to our God
               for ever and ever, amen.182
     (13)And one of the elders responded, saying to me:183 These clothed in white robes, who are they and where did they come from? (14)And I said to him: My Lord, you know. And he said to me: These are the ones coming from the great tribulation,184 and they have washed their robes and bleached them in the blood of the Lamb.185 (15)Therefore they are before the throne of God and worship him day and night in his Sanctuary,186 and the One seated on the throne will spread his tent over them.187 (16)They shall hunger no longer, nor shall they thirst any more, neither shall the sun strike them, nor any burning heat, (17)because the Lamb at the centre of the throne will shepherd them and lead them on to fountains of Waters of Life,188 and God will wipe away every tear from their eyes.189

Baseline Prophetic Narrative—resumed

VIII
     (1)And when he opened the seventh seal,190 there was a silence in heaven for about half-an-hour.191 (2)And I saw the seven angels who stand before God, and seven trumpets were given to them.192 (3)And another angel193 came and stood on the altar; he had a golden censer194 and much incense was given to him to offer,195 on the golden altar before the throne,196 with the prayers of all the saints. (4)And the smoke of the incense went up with the prayers of the saints from the hand of the angel before God.197 (5)And the angel took the censer and filled it from the fire of the altar198 and threw it to the earth,199 and there were thunders and noises and lightnings and an earthquake.200
     (6)And the seven angels with the seven trumpets prepared themselves to blow.201 (7)The first one blew,202 and there was hail and fire mixed with blood, and it was thrown to the earth; and a third of the earth was burnt up and a third of the trees were burnt up and every green herb was burnt up.203
     (8)And the second angel blew, and something like a great mountain burning with fire was thrown into the sea; and a third of the sea became blood, (9)and a third of the creatures in the sea that have souls died, and a third of the ships were destroyed.204
     (10)And the third angel blew, and a great star fell out of heaven burning as a torch and it fell on to a third of the rivers and on to the springs of water. (11)And the name of the star is called Wormwood, and a third of the waters became wormwood, and many people died from the waters because they were made bitter.205
     (12)And the fourth angel blew, and a third of the sun was struck and a third of the moon and a third of the stars, so that the third part of them was darkened and the day did not give a third of its brightness, and likewise the night.206
     (13)And I saw and I heard an eagle flying in mid-heaven,207 saying with a loud voice: Woe! Woe! Woe to the inhabitants of the earth from the remaining trumpet-blasts of the three angels about to blow!208

IX
     (1)And the fifth angel blew, and I saw209 a star which had fallen from heaven to the earth,210 and the key of the shaft of the Abyss was given to him.211 (2)And he opened the shaft of the Abyss and smoke went up from the shaft, like the smoke of a great furnace, and the sun and the air were darkened by the smoke of the shaft.212 (3)And out of the smoke came locusts to the earth, and power was given to them as the scorpions of the earth have power. (4)And they were told not to harm the grass of the earth or anything green, or any tree, only the people who do not have the seal of God on their foreheads. (5)And it was given to them not so that they should kill them, but so that they will be tormented for five months; and their torment is like the torment of a scorpion whenever it stings a man.213 (6)And in those days people will seek death and by no means will they find it, and they will long to die and death flees from them.214 (7)And the objects like locusts were similar to horses prepared for war, and on their heads were things like crowns similar to gold, and their faces were like faces of men, (8)and they had hair like women's hair, and their teeth were like a lion's; (9)and they had armour like armour of iron, and the sound of their wings was like the sound of many chariots of horses running into battle. (10)And they have tails and stings like scorpions, and in their tails is their power to harm people for five months.215 (11)They have a king over them, the angel of the Abyss, whose name in Hebrew is Abaddon and in Greek the name he has is Apollyon. [In English: Destroyer].216
     (12)The first Woe passed; behold, two Woes are still to come after this.217
     (13)And the sixth angel blew, and I heard a voice from the four horns of the golden altar before God (14)saying to the sixth angel, the one with the trumpet: Release the four angels tied up at the great River Euphrates.218 (15)And the four angels were released, those prepared for the hour and day and month and year in order to kill a third of mankind.219 (16)And the number of troops of mounted men was two myriads of myriads; I heard the number of them.220 (17)And like this I saw the horses in the vision and those sitting on them—having armour the colour of fire, hyacinth and sulphur, and the heads of the horses were like lions' heads, and out of their mouths come fire and smoke and sulphur. (18)By these three plagues a third of mankind was killed, by the fire and the smoke and the sulphur coming out of their mouths. (19)For the power of the horses is in their mouth and in their tails, for their tails, which have heads, are like snakes and with them they cause harm.221
     (20)And the rest of mankind, those who were not killed by these plagues, did not even repent of the works of their hands, so as not to worship demons and idols of gold and silver and bronze and stone and wood, which can neither see nor hear nor walk, (21)and they did not repent of their murders, or of their sorceries, or of their fornication, or of their thefts.222

Second Interruption (10,1–11,14): Prophetic Preparation and Mission223

X
     (1)And I saw another mighty angel,224 coming down from heaven,225 clothed with a cloud and with the rainbow over his head, and his face was like the sun and his feet [legs] like pillars of fire,226 (2)and in his hand he had a little scroll that had been opened.227 And he put his right foot on the sea and the left on the land,228 (3)and cried out with a loud voice, like a lion roaring.229 And when he cried out, the voices of the seven thunders spoke.230 (4)And when the seven thunders spoke, I was about to write and I heard a voice from heaven saying: Seal what the seven thunders spoke and do not write it.231
     (5)And the angel whom I saw standing on the sea and on the land raised his right hand to heaven (6)and swore by the One living for ever and ever, who created heaven and the things in it, and the earth and the things in it, and the sea and the things in it,232 that there shall be no more time, (7)but in the days of the sound of the seventh angel, by the time he is going to blow, also will have been fulfilled the mystery of God, as he announced to his servants the prophets.233 (8)And the voice which I heard from heaven was again speaking to me and saying: Go, take the open scroll which is in the hand of the angel standing on the sea and on the land.234 (9)And I went towards the angel telling him to give me the little scroll. And he says to me: Take and devour it; and it will make your stomach bitter, but in your mouth it will be as sweet as honey.235 (10)And I took the little scroll from the hand of the angel and devoured it, and in my mouth it was as sweet as honey, and when I had eaten it my stomach was made bitter.236 (11)And they say to me: You must prophesy again about many races and nations and tongues and rulers.237

XI
     (1)And a cane similar to a rod was given to me while saying:238 Get up239 and measure240 the Sanctuary of God and the altar and those who are worshipping in it.241 (2)And reject the court which is outside the Sanctuary and do not measure it, because it was given to the nations,242 and they will trample the Holy City243 for forty-two months.244 (3)And I will give to my two witnesses245 and they will prophesy246 for one thousand two hundred and sixty days247 dressed in sackcloth.248 (4)These are the two olive trees and the two lampstands standing before the Lord of the earth.249 (5)And if anyone wishes to harm them, fire comes out of their mouth and consumes their enemies; and if anyone should wish to harm them, he is bound to be killed in this way.250 (6)These have the authority to shut the sky, so that no rain may fall during the days of their prophecy,251 and they have authority over the waters to turn them into blood252 and to strike the earth with every kind of plague253 as often as they wish.254
     (7)And whenever they finish their witnessing,255 the beast that is coming up out of the Abyss256 will make war against them and overcome them and kill them.257 (8)And their corpse lie on the street of the great city which is spiritually called Sodom and Egypt, where indeed their Lord was crucified.258 (9)And people from many races and tribes and tongues and nations look at their corpse for three days and a half, and they do not allow their corpses to be placed in a tomb.259 (10)And the inhabitants of the earth rejoice over them and are glad, and they send gifts to one another,260 because these two prophets tormented the inhabitants of the earth.261
     (11)And after the three days and a half, the Spirit of life from God entered into them and they stood on their feet, and great fear fell on those watching them.262 (12)And they heard a great voice from heaven saying to them: Come up here.263 And they went up to heaven in the cloud, and their enemies watched them.264 (13)And in that hour a great earthquake occurred, and a tenth of the city fell and seven thousand names of men were killed in the earthquake,265 and the rest became terrified and gave glory to the God of heaven.266

Baseline Prophetic Narrative—resumed

(14)The second Woe passed; behold, the third Woe is coming quickly.267
(15)And the seventh angel blew, and there were loud voices in heaven saying:
               The kingdom of the world has become our Lord's and his Christ's,
               and he shall reign for ever and ever.268
(16)And the twenty-four elders, sitting on their thrones before God, fell down on their faces and worshipped God (17)saying:
               We thank you Lord God Almighty, the One who is and who was,
               because you have taken up your great power and have come to reign.269
               (18)And the nations were angry and your anger has come,270
               also the time for the dead to be judged,271
               and to give the reward to your servants the prophets and to the saints
               and to them that fear your name,
               to the small and to the great,272
               and to destroy those who are destroying the earth.273
(19)And the Sanctuary of God in heaven was opened,274 and the ark of his covenant was seen in his Sanctuary,275 and there were lightnings and noises and thunders, an earthquake and a great hail.276

The Third Interruption (12,1–15,4): Seven Unnumbered Visions277

XII
     (1)And a great sign was seen in heaven,278 a woman clothed with the sun and the moon beneath her feet, and on her head a crown of twelve stars, (2)and she is pregnant and cries out with the pains of labour and the distress of giving birth.279 (3)And another sign was seen in heaven and behold, a great fiery-red dragon with seven heads and ten horns and with seven diadems on his heads,280 (4)and his tail drags a third of the stars of heaven and threw them to the earth.281 And the dragon stood before the woman about to give birth so that he might devour her child whenever she gives birth.282 (5)And she gave birth to a son, a male, who is to shepherd all the nations with a rod of iron. And her child was caught up to God and to his throne.283 (6)And the woman fled into the desert, where she has a place prepared by God, so that there they might nourish her284 for one thousand two hundred and sixty days.285
     (7)And a war took place in heaven—Michael and his angels fighting with the dragon. And the dragon and his angels fought (8)and did not prevail, and no longer was any place to be found for them in heaven.286 (9)And the great dragon was thrown, the ancient serpent called the devil and Satan; the one deceiving the whole world was thrown to the earth, and his angels were thrown down with him.287 (10)And I heard a loud voice in heaven saying:288
               Now is come the salvation and the power and the kingdom of our God
               and the authority of his Christ,
               because the accuser of our brothers was thrown,
               the one accusing them before our God day and night.289
               (11)And they overcame him because of the blood of the Lamb
               and because of the word of their witness,
               and they loved not their life up to death.290
               (12)Therefore be glad heavens and those who are dwelling there.
               Woe to the earth and the sea,
               because the devil has come down to you with great passion
               knowing that his time is short.291
     (13)And when the dragon saw that he was thrown to the earth, he pursued the woman who gave birth to the male. (14)And the two wings of the great eagle were given to the woman to fly to the desert,292 to her place, where she is nourished for a time and times and half-a-time away from the face of the serpent.293 (15)And out of his mouth the serpent threw water like a river after the woman, to cause her to be taken by the current.294 (16)And the earth helped the woman, and the earth opened its mouth and swallowed the river which the dragon threw out of his mouth.295 (17)And the dragon was furious with the woman, and went away to make war against the rest of her seed, those who keep the Commandments of God and have the Witness of Jesus.296 (18)And he stood on the sand of the sea.297

XIII
     (1)And I saw a beast coming up out of the sea,298 with ten horns and seven heads and with ten diadems on his horns and blasphemous titles on his heads.299 (2)And the beast that I saw was like a leopard and his feet were like a bear's, and his mouth was like a lion's mouth.300 And the dragon gave to him his power and his throne and great authority;301 (3)and one of his heads was like one that had been slain to death, and his fatal wound had been cured.302 And all the earth followed the beast with wonder, (4)and they worshipped the dragon because he had given the authority to the beast, and they worshipped the beast saying: Who is like the beast, and who can make war against him?303
     (5)And he was given a mouth speaking great things and blasphemies,304 and authority was given to him to exercise for forty-two months.305 (6)And he opened his mouth in blasphemies against God, to blaspheme his name and his dwelling—those who are dwelling in heaven.306 (7)And he was allowed to make war against the saints and to overcome them,307 and he was given authority over every tribe and race and tongue and nation.308 (8)And all the inhabitants of the earth will worship him, everyone whose name is not written in the Scroll of Life from the foundation of the world, of the Lamb that was slain.309
     (9)If anyone has an ear let him hear.310 (10)If anyone is for captivity, to captivity he goes; if anyone is to be killed by a sword, by a sword he is to be killed. Here is the endurance and the faith of the saints.311
     (11)And I saw another beast coming up out of the land,312 and he had two horns like a lamb and spoke as a dragon.313 (12)And he exercises all the authority of the first beast in front of him,314 and makes the earth and its inhabitants worship the first beast, the one whose fatal wound had been cured.315 (13)And he performs great signs, such that he even makes fire come down from heaven on to the earth in the sight of men;316 (14)and he deceives the inhabitants of the earth by the signs which he was allowed to perform in front of the beast,317 telling the inhabitants of the earth to make an image to the beast that has the wound of the sword and lived.318
     (15)And he was allowed to give breath to the image of the beast, so that the image of the beast might even speak,319 and cause to be killed everyone who would not worship the image of the beast.320 (16)And he causes all, the small and the great, and the rich and the poor, and the free-men and the servants, to be given a mark on their right hand or on their forehead, (17)so that no one can buy or sell except the one who has the mark—the name of the beast or the number of his name.321
     (18)Here is the wisdom. Let the one with intelligence calculate the number of the beast, for it is a number of a man, and his number is six hundred and sixty-six.322

XIV
     (1)And I looked and behold,323 the Lamb standing on Mount Zion, and with him a hundred and forty-four thousand having his name and the name of his Father written on their foreheads.324
     (2)And I heard a sound from heaven like the sound of many waters, and like the sound of loud thunder, and the sound which I heard was like harpists playing their harps. (3)And they sing a new song before the throne and before the four living creatures and the elders, and no one was able to learn the song except the hundred and forty-four thousand,325 those that were bought from the earth. (4)These are the ones who have not defiled themselves with women, for they are virgins;326 these follow the Lamb wherever he may go.327 These were bought from among men,328 first-fruits to God and to the Lamb,329 (5)and no lie was found in their mouth—they are immaculate.330
     (6)And I saw another angel flying in mid-heaven331 with an eternal gospel to announce to the inhabitants of the earth, and to every nation and tribe and tongue and race, (7)saying with a loud voice: Fear God and give him glory, because the hour of his judgement has come, and worship the One who made heaven and earth and sea and springs of water.332
     (8)And another angel, a second, followed saying: She fell, down fell Babylon the great, who caused all the nations to drink from the wine of the passion of her fornicating.333
     (9)And another angel, a third, followed them saying with a loud voice: If anyone worships the beast and his image, and receives a mark on his forehead or on his hand,334 (10)also he shall drink the wine of the passion of God mixed undiluted in the cup of his anger,335 and he will be tormented by fire and sulphur in front of holy angels and in front of the Lamb. (11)And the smoke of their torment goes up for ever and ever, and they have no rest day or night, those who worship the beast and his image and whoever receives the mark of his name.336
     (12)Here is the endurance of the saints, those who keep the Commandments of God and faith in Jesus. (13)And I heard a voice from heaven saying: Write; blessed are the dead, they that die in the Lord from now. Yes, says the Spirit, so that they may rest from their labours, but their deeds go with them.337
     (14)And I looked and behold,338 a white cloud and sitting on the cloud one like a son of man, with a golden crown on his head and a sharp sickle in his hand.339 (15)And another angel came out of the Sanctuary crying out with a loud voice to the one sitting on the cloud: Swing your sickle and reap, because the hour has come to reap, for the harvest of the earth is dry.340 (16)And the one sitting on the cloud threw his sickle over the earth, and the earth was reaped.341
     (17)And another angel came out of the Sanctuary in heaven, also having a sharp sickle. (18)And another angel came out from the altar, the one who is in charge of the fire, and spoke with a loud voice to the one with the sharp sickle, saying: Swing your sharp sickle and cut the bunches of the vine of the earth, because its grapes have ripened.342 (19)And the angel cast his sickle to the earth and cut down the fruit of the vine of the earth, and threw it into the great winepress of the passion of God.343 (20)And the winepress was trodden outside the City,344 and blood came out of the winepress345 up to the bridles of the horses, for one thousand six hundred stadia.346

XV
     (1)And I saw347 another sign in heaven, great and wonderful: seven angels with seven plagues—the last, because with them the passion of God was finished.348
     (2)And I saw what was like a glassy sea mixed with fire349 and those who overcame the beast and his image and the number of his name, standing on the glassy sea holding harps of God.350 (3)And they sing the song of Moses, the servant of God, and the song of the Lamb saying:351
               Great and wonderful are your deeds, Lord God Almighty;
               just and true are your ways, King of the nations;
               (4)Who will not fear and glorify your name, Lord?
               It is because you alone are holy,
               that all the nations will come and worship before you,
               for your acts of judgment were made manifest.352

Baseline Prophetic Narrative—resumed353

     (5)And after this I looked, and the Sanctuary of the Tent of Witness in heaven was opened,354 (6)and out of the Sanctuary came the seven angels with the seven plagues, dressed in clean bright linen and bound around the breast with golden belts.355 (7)And one of the four living creatures had given to the seven angels356 seven golden bowls full of the passion of God,357 the One living for ever and ever.358 (8)And the Sanctuary was filled with the smoke of the glory of God and of his power,359 and no one was able to enter the Sanctuary until the seven plagues of the seven angels were finished.360

XVI
     (1)And I heard a loud voice from the Sanctuary saying to the seven angels: Go and pour out the seven bowls361 of the passion of God on the earth.362
     (2)And the first went away and poured out his bowl on the earth; and a foul and malignant ulcer developed on the people that have the mark of the beast and those who worship his image.363
     (3)And the second poured out his bowl on the sea; and the sea became like the blood of a dead man, and every living soul in the sea died.364
     (4)And the third poured out his bowl on the rivers and the springs of water and they became blood.365 (5)And I heard the angel of the waters saying:366
               So just are you, O Holy One, the One who is and who was,
               in how you have judged these things,
               (6)because they shed blood of saints and of prophets,
               and blood you have given them to drink;
               they deserve it.367
(7)And I heard the altar saying:
               Yes, Lord God Almighty,
               true and just are your judgments.368
     (8)And the fourth poured out his bowl on the sun, and it was allowed to scorch people with fire. (9)And the people were scorched with a great heat and they blasphemed the name of God, the One who has power over these plagues, and they did not repent and give him glory.369
     (10)And the fifth poured out his bowl on the throne of the beast; and his kingdom was darkened, and they bit their tongues from the pain, (11)and they blasphemed the God of heaven for their pains and for their sores, and they did not repent of their deeds.370
     (12)And the sixth poured out his bowl on the great River Euphrates; and its water dried up to prepare the way for the rulers from the East. (13)And from the mouth of the dragon and from the mouth of the beast and from the mouth of the false prophet, I saw three unclean spirits like frogs; (14)for they are spirits of demons performing signs, which go out to the rulers of the whole world to assemble them to the war of the great day of Almighty God.371
     (15)Behold, I am coming like a thief; blessed is he that is awake and keeping his clothes, so that he does not walk naked and they see his shame.372
     (16)And they assembled them in the place called, in Hebrew, Harmagedon.373
     (17)And the seventh poured out his bowl on the air; and a loud voice came out of the Sanctuary, from the throne, saying: It is done.374 (18)And there were lightnings and noises and thunders and a great earthquake occurred, such as never had happened since man was on the earth, such an earthquake—so great.375 (19)And the great city came to be in three parts and the cities of the nations fell. And Babylon the great was remembered before God, to give her the cup with the wine of the passion of his anger.376 (20)And every island fled and mountains were not found.377 (21)And a great hail, as a talent in weight, comes down from heaven on the people and the people blasphemed God from the plague of hail, because this plague is exceedingly great.378

The Fourth Interruption (17,1–19,5): the Judgment of Babylon379

XVII
     (1)And one of the seven angels that had the seven bowls came and spoke to me saying:380 Come, I will show you the condemnation of the great prostitute381 sitting on many waters,382 (2)the one with whom the rulers of the earth fornicated,383 and from the wine of her fornication the inhabitants of the earth became drunk.384
     (3)And he carried me away in spirit into a desert.385 And I saw a woman sitting on a scarlet beast that had seven heads and ten horns and was full of blasphemous titles.386 (4)And the woman was clothed in purple and scarlet and adorned with gold and precious stones and pearls;387 in her hand she was holding a golden cup full of abominations and the filth of her fornication,388 (5)and on her forehead was written a name, a mystery: Babylon the great, the mother of the prostitutes and abominations of the earth.389
     (6)And I saw the woman drunk with the blood of the saints and with the blood of the witnesses of Jesus.390 And seeing her I was struck with great wonder.391 (7)And the angel said to me: Why do you wonder? I will tell you the mystery of the woman, and of the beast with seven heads and ten horns that is supporting her.392 (8)The beast that you saw was, and is not, and is about to come up out of the Abyss and goes to destruction;393 and the inhabitants of the earth will wonder—everyone whose name is not written in the Scroll of Life from the foundation of the world—when they see the beast, because he was, and is not, and will have come.394
     (9)Here is the intelligence with wisdom.395 The seven heads are seven hills on which the woman sits,396 and are seven rulers: (10)five have fallen, one is, the other has not yet come, and whenever he comes he must remain for just a short time. (11)And the beast which was and is not, even he is an eighth, is also of the seven, and goes to destruction.397 (12)And the ten horns which you saw are ten rulers who have not yet come to power, but receive authority to rule for one hour with the beast. (13)These are of one mind, and they give their power and authority to the beast.398 (14)These will make war against the Lamb and the Lamb will overcome them, because he is Lord of lords and King of kings, and those with him are called and chosen and faithful.399
     (15)And he says to me: The waters which you saw, where the prostitute sits, are races and crowds and nations and tongues.400 (16)And the ten horns that you saw and the beast, these will hate the prostitute and will leave her desolate and naked, and will eat her flesh, and will consume her with fire;401 (17)for God put it into their hearts to serve his purpose and to be of one mind, and to give their kingdom to the beast until the words of God shall be fulfilled.402 (18)And the woman whom you saw is the great city, she that has a kingdom over the rulers of the earth.403

XVIII
     (1)After this I saw another angel,404 coming down from heaven with great authority, and the earth was enlightened by his glory.405 (2)And he cried out with a strong voice saying: She fell, down fell Babylon the great, and became a home for demons and a refuge for every unclean spirit, and a hiding-place for every unclean and detested bird,406 (3)because all the nations drank from the wine of the passion of her fornicating, and the rulers of the earth fornicated with her, and the merchants of the earth became rich on the strength of her lust for luxury.407
     (4)And I heard another voice from heaven saying:408 Come out of her my people, so that you do not take part in her sins and so that you do not receive from her plagues,409 (5)because her sins have piled up to heaven, and God has remembered her wicked deeds.410 (6)Pay her as indeed she paid out, and give her double in proportion to her deeds; mix her double in the cup in which she mixed; (7)as much as she glorified herself and lived in luxury, by that much give her torment and sorrow.411 Since she says to herself: "As queen I sit and am not a widow, and sorrow I certainly do not see",412 (8)so in one day will come her plagues—pestilence and sorrow and famine—and with fire she will be consumed, for strong is the Lord God, the One condemning her.413
     (9)And the rulers of the earth,414 those who fornicated with her and lived in luxury, will weep and mourn for her when they see the smoke of her burning, (10)standing from a distance through fear of her torment, saying: Woe, woe, the great city, Babylon the strong city, for in one hour your punishment came.415
     (11)And the merchants of the earth weep and sorrow for her, because no one buys their cargo any more: (12)cargo of gold and silver and precious stones and pearls and fine linen and purple and silk and scarlet, and every kind of scented wood and every object of ivory and every object of very costly wood and of brass and of iron and of marble, (13)and cinnamon and spice and perfumes and ointment and frankincense and wine and oil and fine flour and corn, and cattle and sheep, and horses and carts, and bodies and souls of men.416
     (14)And the ripe fruit of the lust of your soul went away from you; yes, all the rich and shiny things vanished from you—and never again shall they find them.417
     (15)The merchants of these things, those who became rich from her, will stand from a distance through fear of her torment, weeping and sorrowing, (16)saying: Woe, woe, the great city, she that was clothed with fine linen and purple and scarlet, and adorned with gold and precious stones and pearls, (17)for in one hour such great wealth was made desolate.418
     And every ship’s master and all the passengers and sailors, and all who work on the sea, stood from a distance (18)and seeing the smoke of her burning they cried out, saying: Who is like the great city? (19)And they threw dust on their heads and weeping and sorrowing they cried out, saying: Woe, woe, the great city, from whose wealth all those with ships on the sea became rich, for in one hour she was made desolate.419
               (20)Be glad over her, heaven,
               and the saints and apostles and prophets,
               for God has given judgment for you against her.420
     (21)And one strong angel picked up a stone like a great millstone, and threw it into the sea saying: Like this, with fury, Babylon the great city shall be thrown, and never again be found.421 (22)And the sound of harpists and musicians and flutists and trumpeters will never be heard in you again. And all the craftsman of every craft will never be found in you again. And the sound of a mill will never be heard in you again. (23)And the light of a lamp will never shine in you again. And the voice of bridegroom and bride will never be heard in you again;422 for your merchants were the great ones of the earth, because all the nations were deceived by your charms; (24)and in her was found blood of prophets and of saints and of all those who have been slain on the earth.423

XIX
     (1)After this I heard what was like the great sound of a vast multitude in heaven saying:424
               Hallelujah, the salvation and the glory and the power of our God!
               (2)How true and just are his judgments,
               because he has condemned the great prostitute,
               who corrupted the earth with her fornication,
               and he has avenged the blood of his servants on her.425
(3)And secondly they said:
               Hallelujah! And her smoke goes up for ever and ever.426
(4)And the twenty-four elders and the four living creatures fell down and worshipped God, the One seated on the throne, saying:
               Amen, hallelujah!
(5)And a voice came out from the throne, saying:
               Praise our God all his servants and you that fear him,
               the small and the great.427

Preparations for the Marriage of the Lamb428

     (6)And I heard what was like the sound of a vast multitude, and like the sound of many waters and like the sound of loud thunders, saying:
               Hallelujah, because the Lord our God, the Almighty, has come to reign!429
               (7)Let us rejoice and be glad and give him glory,
               for the marriage of the Lamb has come and his Wife has prepared herself,
               (8)and fine linen, bright and clean, was given to her to wear,
               because the fine linen is the righteous work of the saints.430
     (9)And he says to me: Write; blessed are they that are invited to the wedding banquet of the Lamb.431 And he says to me: These words of God are true.432
     (10)And I fell down at his feet to worship him. And he says to me: No! I am a fellow-servant of yours and of your brothers who have the Witness of Jesus; worship God. For the Witness of Jesus is the Spirit of prophecy.433

The Manifestation of the Lord of lords and King of kings434

     (11)And I saw heaven opened,435 and behold, a white horse; and the One sitting on it is called Faithful and True436 and with justice he judges and makes war.437 (12)His eyes are like a flame of fire, and on his head are many diadems and he has a name written which no one knows except himself;438 (13)he is clothed with a cloak dipped in blood,439 and his name has been called the Word of God.440
     (14)And on white horses the armies of heaven followed him, clothed in fine linen, white and clean.441 (15)And out of his mouth comes a sharp sword, so that with it he may strike the nations, and he will shepherd them with a rod of iron;442 and he treads the winepress for the wine of the passion of the anger of Almighty God,443 (16)and on the cloak and on his thigh [standard] a title is written: King of kings and Lord of lords.444

The Battle of the Great Day of God the Almighty

     (17)And I saw one angel standing in the sun and he cried out with a loud voice, saying to all the birds flying in mid-heaven: Come, assemble for the great banquet of God, (18)to eat the flesh of rulers and the flesh of military officers and the flesh of strong men, and the flesh of horses and of their riders, and the flesh of all people, both free-men and servants, both small and great.445
     (19)And I saw the beast and the rulers of the earth and their armies assembled to make war against the One sitting on the horse and against his army.446 (20)And the beast was captured and with him the false prophet who performed the signs in front of him, by which he deceived those who had received the mark of the beast and those who worshipped his image; the two were thrown alive into the lake of fire burning with sulphur. (21)And the rest were killed by the sword that comes out of the mouth of the One sitting on the horse, and all the birds were filled with their flesh.447

The Story and Destiny of Satan—the Millennium448

XX
     (1)And I saw an angel coming down from heaven, holding the key of the Abyss and a great chain in his hand.449 (2)And he seized the dragon, the ancient serpent who is the devil and Satan, and bound him for a thousand years (3)and threw him into the Abyss, and shut and sealed it over him, so that he might not deceive the nations any more until the thousand years are finished.450 After this he must be let loose for a short time.451 (4)And I saw thrones and they sat on them, and power to judge was given to them, and I saw the souls of those who had been beheaded because of the Witness of Jesus and because of the Word of God; also were there those who did not worship the beast or his image and did not receive the mark on their forehead and on their hand;452 and they lived and reigned with Christ for a thousand years.453 (5)The rest of the dead did not live until the thousand years were finished. This is the first resurrection.454 (6)Blessed and holy is he that takes part in the first resurrection; over these the second death has no power, but they will be priests of God and of Christ, and will reign with him455 for a thousand years.456
     (7)And whenever the thousand years are finished,457 Satan will be let loose from his prison (8)and will go out to deceive the nations in the four corners of the earth, the Gog and Magog, whose number is as the sand of the sea, to assemble them to the war.458 (9)And they went up over the breadth of the land459 and surrounded the Camp of the Saints and the Beloved City,460 and fire came down from heaven and consumed them.461 (10)And the devil, the one deceiving them, was thrown into the lake of fire and sulphur, where also are the beast and the false prophet, and they will be tormented day and night for ever and ever.462

The Final Judgment463

     (11)And I saw a great white throne and the One seated on it from whose face the earth and heaven fled, and no place was found for them.464 (12)And I saw the dead, the great and the small, standing before the throne, and scrolls were opened. And another scroll was opened, that which is of Life. And the dead were judged according to their deeds, from what had been written in the scrolls.465
     (13)And the sea gave up the dead in it, and Death and Hades gave up the dead in them, and they were judged, everyone according to his deeds.466 (14)And Death and Hades were thrown into the lake of fire.467 This is the second death, the lake of fire.468 (15)And if anyone was not found written in the Scroll of Life, he was thrown into the lake of fire.469

The New Creation470

XXI
     (1)And I saw a new heaven and a new earth; for the first heaven and the first earth had passed away, and the sea is no more.471 (2)And I saw the Holy City, the New Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband.472
     (3)And I heard a loud voice from the throne saying:473
               Behold, the dwelling of God is with mankind;
               and he will dwell with them,
               and they will be his peoples,
               and God himself will be with them,474
               (4)and he will wipe away every tear from their eyes,
               and there will be no more death;
               neither sorrow, nor crying, nor pain will there be any more,475
               because the former things have passed away.476
     (5)And the One seated on the throne said:477 Behold, I am making all things new.478 And he says: Write, because these words are faithful and true.479 (6)And he said to me: It is done. I am the Alpha and the Omega, the Beginning and the End.480 To the one who thirsts I will give freely from the fountain of the Water of Life.481 (7)The one who overcomes will inherit these things, and to him I will be God and to me he shall be a son.482 (8)But for the cowardly and faithless and depraved and murderers and fornicators and sorcerers and idolaters and all the liars, their share is in the lake burning with fire and sulphur, which is the second death.483

The New Jerusalem—the Wife of the Lamb484

     (9)And one of the seven angels that had the seven bowls full of the seven last plagues came and spoke to me, saying: Come, I will show you the Bride, the Wife of the Lamb.485
     (10)And he carried me away in spirit on to a great and high mountain, and showed me the Holy City, Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God,486 (11)having the glory of God—her radiance like a most precious stone, crystal-clear like jasper stone.487 (12)She has a great and high wall with twelve gates, and over the gates twelve angels and names engraved which are of the twelve tribes of the sons of Israel. (13)On the east there are three gates and on the north three gates, and on the south three gates and on the west three gates. (14)And the wall of the City has twelve foundations and on them twelve names—of the twelve apostles of the Lamb.488
     (15)And the one speaking to me had a measure, a golden reed, to measure the City and her gates and her wall.489 (16)And the City lies square, and her length the same as her breadth. And he measured the City with the reed at twelve thousand stadia, her length and breadth and height are equal.490 (17)And he measured her wall at a hundred and forty-four cubits by man's measure, which is an angel's.491
     (18)And her wall is encrusted with jasper; and the City is pure gold like clean glass.492 (19)The foundations of the wall of the City are adorned with every precious stone:493 the first foundation jasper, the second sapphire, the third chalcedony, the fourth emerald, (20)the fifth sardonyx, the sixth cornelian, the seventh chrysolite, the eighth beryl, the ninth topaz, the tenth chrysoprasus, the eleventh jacinth, the twelfth amethyst;494 (21)and the twelve gates are twelve pearls; each one of the gates was of one pearl apiece.495 And the street of the City is pure gold like clear glass.496
     (22)And I did not see a Sanctuary in her, because the Lord God Almighty is her Sanctuary and the Lamb.497 (23)And the City has no need for the sun or the moon to shine upon her, for the glory of God gives her light, and her lamp is the Lamb.498 (24)And by her light the nations will walk, and the rulers of the earth bring their glory into her;499 (25)and her gates shall never be closed by day, and there will be no night there; (26)and they will bring the glory and the honour of the nations into her.500 (27)And by no means shall anything impure enter her, nor anyone doing what is shameful and false, only those written in the Scroll of Life of the Lamb.501

XXII
     (1)And he showed me a river of the Water of Life, bright as crystal, coming out of the throne of God and of the Lamb.502 (2)Between her street and the river, on both sides, are Trees of Life producing twelve fruits—throughout each month they give their fruit—and the leaves of the trees are for the healing of the nations.503
     (3)And no more will there be any curse.504 And the throne of God and of the Lamb will be in her, and his servants will worship him505 (4)and they will see his face, and his name will be on their foreheads.506 (5)And there will be no more night, and they will have no need of the light of a lamp or the light of the sun, because the Lord God will give them light, and they will reign for ever and ever.507

Epilogue508

     (6)And he said to me: These words are faithful and true, and the Lord, God of the spirits of the prophets, sent his angel to show his servants what must soon take place.509 (7)And behold, I am coming soon. Blessed is he that keeps the words of the prophecy of this book.510
     (8)And I, John, am the one that is hearing and seeing these things.511 And when I had heard and seen, I fell down to worship at the feet of the angel showing me these things. (9)And he says to me: No! I am a fellow-servant of yours and of your brothers the prophets and those who keep the words of this book; worship God.512 (10)And he says to me: Do not seal the words of the prophecy of this book, for the time is near.513 (11)Let the wicked person carry on doing what is wrong and let the filthy person carry on being filthy. And let the righteous person carry on doing what is right and let the holy person carry on being holy.514
     (12)Behold, I am coming soon and my reward is with me, to pay each one according to how is his work.515 (13)I am the Alpha and the Omega, the First and the Last, the Beginning and the End.516
     (14)Blessed are they that wash their robes so that they may have the right to the Tree of Life and may enter by the gates into the City.517 (15)Outside are the dogs and the sorcerers and the fornicators and the murderers and the idolaters and everyone who loves and practices lying.518
     (16)I, Jesus, sent my angel to witness these things to you in the churches.519 I am the Root and the Offspring of David, the bright Dawn Star.520
     (17)And the Spirit and the Bride say: Come. May the one who hears also say: Come. And let the one who thirsts come, and the one who wants—let him take the Water of Life freely.521
     (18)I witness to everyone hearing the words of the prophecy of this book: If anyone adds to them, God will add to him the plagues described in this book, (19)and if anyone takes away from the words of the book of this prophecy, God will take away his share in the Tree of Life and in the Holy City described in this book.522
     (20)Says he that witnesses these things:
               Yes, I am coming soon.523
               Amen, come Lord Jesus.524
     (21)The grace of the Lord Jesus be with all.525